HERNIA UMBILIKALIS PDF

Umbilical hernias are the most common ventral hernia and occur in the midline through the umbilicus. There is a high rate of strangulation and incarceration of bowel and Richter hernias are common. Bowel obstruction is common and can be also be complicated by bowel ischemia. Please Note: You can also scroll through stacks with your mouse wheel or the keyboard arrow keys.

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An umbilical hernia creates a soft swelling or bulge near the navel. It occurs when part of the intestine protrudes through the umbilical opening in the abdominal muscles. Umbilical hernias in children are usually painless. An umbilical hernia occurs when part of your intestine bulges through the opening in your abdominal muscles near your bellybutton navel.

Umbilical hernias are common and typically harmless. Umbilical hernias are most common in infants, but they can affect adults as well. In an infant, an umbilical hernia may be especially evident when the infant cries, causing the bellybutton to protrude.

This is a classic sign of an umbilical hernia. Children's umbilical hernias often close on their own in the first two years of life, though some remain open into the fifth year or longer. Umbilical hernias that appear during adulthood are more likely to need surgical repair. In babies who have an umbilical hernia, the bulge may be visible only when they cry, cough or strain.

Umbilical hernias that appear during adulthood may cause abdominal discomfort. If you suspect that your baby has an umbilical hernia, talk with the baby's doctor. Seek emergency care if your baby has an umbilical hernia and:. Similar guidelines apply to adults. Talk with your doctor if you have a bulge near your navel. Seek emergency care if the bulge becomes painful or tender. Prompt diagnosis and treatment can help prevent complications.

During gestation, the umbilical cord passes through a small opening in the baby's abdominal muscles. The opening normally closes just after birth. If the muscles don't join together completely in the midline of the abdominal wall, an umbilical hernia may appear at birth or later in life.

In adults, too much abdominal pressure contributes to umbilical hernias. Causes of increased pressure in the abdomen include:. Umbilical hernias are most common in infants — especially premature babies and those with low birth weights.

In the United States, black infants appear to have a slightly increased risk of umbilical hernias. The condition affects boys and girls equally. For adults, being overweight or having multiple pregnancies may increase the risk of developing an umbilical hernia. This type of hernia tends to be more common in women. For children, complications of an umbilical hernia are rare. Complications can occur when the protruding abdominal tissue becomes trapped incarcerated and can no longer be pushed back into the abdominal cavity.

This reduces the blood supply to the section of trapped intestine and can lead to abdominal pain and tissue damage. If the trapped portion of intestine is completely cut off from the blood supply, it can lead to tissue death.

Infection may spread throughout the abdominal cavity, causing a life-threatening situation. Adults with umbilical hernias are somewhat more likely to experience a blockage of the intestines. Emergency surgery is typically required to treat these complications. Mayo Clinic does not endorse companies or products.

Advertising revenue supports our not-for-profit mission. This content does not have an English version. This content does not have an Arabic version. Overview Umbilical hernia Open pop-up dialog box Close. Umbilical hernia An umbilical hernia creates a soft swelling or bulge near the navel. Request an Appointment at Mayo Clinic. Share on: Facebook Twitter. Show references Palazzi DL, et al. Care of the umbilicus and management of umbilical disorders. Accessed March 18, Zens T, et al.

Management of asymptomatic umbilical hernias: A systematic review. Journal of Paediatric Surgery. Hernias of the abdominal wall. Merck Manual Professional Version. Brooks DC. Overview of abdominal wall hernias. Rumack CM, et al. Dynamic ultrasound of hernias of the groin and anterior abdominal wall. In: Diagnostic Ultrasound. Elselvier; Cameron AM, et al. Incisional, epigastric and umbilical hernias. In: Current Surgical Therapy. Elsevier; Umbilical hernia child. Mayo Clinic; Appleby PW, et al.

Umbilical hernia repair: Overview of approaches and review of literature. Surgical Clinics of North America. Related Umbilical hernia. Associated Procedures Abdominal ultrasound X-ray. Mayo Clinic Marketplace Check out these best-sellers and special offers on books and newsletters from Mayo Clinic.

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Umbilical hernia

NCBI Bookshelf. Anouchka H. Coste ; Sahned Jaafar ; John D. Authors Anouchka H. Coste 1 ; Sahned Jaafar 2 ; John D. Parmely 3. An umbilical hernia is a ventral hernia located at or near the umbilicus.

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mbilical ernia

An umbilical hernia creates a soft swelling or bulge near the navel. It occurs when part of the intestine protrudes through the umbilical opening in the abdominal muscles. Umbilical hernias in children are usually painless. An umbilical hernia occurs when part of your intestine bulges through the opening in your abdominal muscles near your bellybutton navel. Umbilical hernias are common and typically harmless. Umbilical hernias are most common in infants, but they can affect adults as well.

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An umbilical hernia is a health condition where the abdominal wall behind the navel is damaged. It may cause the navel to bulge outwards—the bulge consisting of abdominal fat from the greater omentum or occasionally parts of the small intestine. The bulge can often be pressed back through the hole in the abdominal wall, and may "pop out" when coughing or otherwise acting to increase intra-abdominal pressure. Treatment is surgical, and surgery may be performed for cosmetic as well as health-related reasons. A hernia is present at the site of the umbilicus commonly called a navel or belly button in newborns ; although sometimes quite large, these hernias tend to resolve without any treatment by around the age of 2—3 years. The size of the base of the herniated tissue is inversely correlated with risk of strangulation i.

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