In the medieval tradition of Indian scholarship, it was assumed that both texts were written by the same person. Both the grammar and the poetic works had an enormous influence in their respective fields. The grammar in particular, takes a holistic view of language, countering the compositionality position of the Mimamsakas and others. The poetry constitute short verses, collected into three centuries of about a hundred poems each.
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I heartfully once again thankful to your great contribution in translating in equally poetic style. Thank you. It will be intrinsically rewarding , if you can read Sringara Satakam also. A person becomes fuller with srungara. Here is the link: Sringarasatakamyb. Very rare work ,well translated with present day comparisons. I got interested in this work due to frequent reference of Swami Paramatnanada in his Gita lectures.
I am lucky to get this T K Krishnan. Sir a big salute to your contribution. No words to praise. We can see bharthruhari re birth in you. My sincere and heartfelt namaskaram to you. Via Contact :. Keep up the great work. Thanks, Busarakham. Post a Comment. This is not worship of idols, for which India is famous. Earn money! Persons without money will be like living corpses. It is not just charity. It is an inherent characteristic in majority of people.
Children are taught from infancy. At a time when science was not developed to optimum levels and when there were hundreds of events and forces beyond the control of man such as epidemics, fires, droughts and floods, quakes and wild animals, this fatalistic approach is understandable. From the 7th Century, the situation further worsened and reached rock bottom when Muslims started invading India from the North West and ransacking the villages brutally.
This Bhartruhari did not witness. The sound of k has been avoided. Every effort has been made to maintain the phonetic spelling. Bhartruhari was a poet. What is Niti Satakam? Niiti is Ethics. What was Bhartruhari's original occupation? He was king turned monk cum poet. Was Bhartruhari religious or secular? In 5th C. Islam was not born. Christianity did not enter North India.
But secular. Easier to explain a scholar. Even the creator cannot explain to a person of a little knowledge suffering from pride. Kings were suffering from pride 3. Ignorant people were suffering from other problems and busy and hence that all his ethical sayings were dying within himself.
But we cannot understand the mind of a fool. He is equal to a person who: 1. The creator desired to help the ignoramuses, to have control on themselves and hide their ignorance. Hence he created the shelter of silence, particularly in an assembly of scholars. I behaved as though I was omniscient. After exposure to and friendship with great scholars, I realised that I knew very little.
All my pride fell like fever. Now, I feel more comfortable. The knave does not know manners and respect. The dog in possession of a bone while chewing it refuses to see and recognise even the Lord of Heaven even if he presents himself before it. The poet describes the bone: full of worms, blood, oozing obnoxious smell, abominable and despicable. The Ganga river started its downward journey of its self pollution.
From Shiva's head to the Himalayas. From Himalayas to the earth. From the earth to the Seas. From the sea to the world beneath pataalam. Fire can be extinguished using water. Scorching son can be overcome using umbrella.
Berserk elephant can be regulated using a goad pointed needle. Cows, donkeys can be driven using stick. Diseases can be mitigated using medicine 6. Poisons, toxins can be fought with charms, incantation, spell. But there is no solution for the stupidity of a fool.
Great people even in distress do not resort to unethical deeds. A lion will not touch a fox even if it is ready at its feat. People even if emaciated, expect results according to their capacities. A great man will not be happy with an ordinary outcome.
Whom do people recall and remember? In this dynamic world, people do not remember a dead person. They remember that person whose birth lifted his clan to great heights. The great turtle Kuurma avataara carries the serpent on its back. It drops the Universe in the ocean mercilessly for passing on to the great Hog: Varaha avataara.
The actions of great persons are beyond explanations and forms! By nature, for capabilities, age has no relationship. The poet laments that humans crave for money even if there is a catastrophe. He gives examples. Let the entire country, human race fall in an abyss of condemnation to hell. Let all the noble qualities cave in and collapse to even lower levels.
Let character fall from their higher cliffs. Let valour be struck by lightning. If there is wealth, even if a person possesses all other things, they will not be as worth as straw. Money, a must: The 21st Century moral is: Earn money somehow. Did the seventh Century AD differ? At least in India. May be same in Europe also. The poet says: "Earn money somehow!
The root of the world is money. I do not know the difference between a dead person and an impoverished man. He is the learned man. He is the knowledgeable man. He is the man of great character. He is the orator. He is visit worthy. All the qualities take shelter at gold. An ascetic fails owing to attachments. A son gets spoiled by lenience. A priest falls owing to lack of studies. Character gets polluted by friendship with knave.
Bhartrihari Niti and Vairagya Shataka