Before and after the revolution, the government controlled Ethiopia's mass communications. However, after the ideological orientation of mass media in Ethiopia underwent a substantial change insofar as they became vehicles for spreading Marxist dogma. The Ministry of Information and National Guidance published two daily newspapers: the English-language Ethiopian Herald, with a circulation of 6,, and the Amharic-language Addis Zemen, with a circulation of 37, The ministry also printed Hibret, a Tigrinya-language newspaper published in Asmera that had a daily circulation of 4, The ministry closely controlled the contents of these publications, and it used their editorial pages to analyze certain events and policies from the perspective of scientific socialism. There were about a dozen periodicals published in Ethiopia.
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General Berhanu Jula, deputy chief of staff and director of military operations in the Ethiopian armed forces, confirmed the arrests but did not specify how many extremists were detained or in what part of the country they were apprehended. He said security forces continue to monitor other suspected IS sympathizers. Berhanu played down the threat of IS gaining ground in Ethiopia, saying the group doesn't have support there and any statement implying they are gaining strength is "psychological warfare.
Last month, IS militants in Somalia said they had plans to release extremist recruitment material in Amharic, one of Ethiopia's primary languages. The group released a three-minute video that included IS chants in Amharic. We know the group has been expanding its influences and its activities across Africa quite aggressively — so far with small results in much of the continent, but they are persisting," Bryden told VOA.
Ethiopian journalist Zecharias Zelalem said the group has been trying to recruit Ethiopians for at least five years. Efforts have included launching Amharic-language propaganda pages on Facebook. One page amassed 10, likes before it was deleted and its administrators were arrested in , Zecharias said. Open main navigation Live TV.
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