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The objective of this review is to propose recommendations on the management of shoulder dystocia. The PubMed database, the Cochrane Library and the recommendations from the foreign obstetrical societies or colleges have been consulted. In case of shoulder dystocia, if the obstetrician is not present at delivery, he should be systematically informed as quickly as possible professional consensus.

A third person should also be called for help in order to realize McRoberts maneuver professional consensus. The patient has to be properly installed in gynecological position professional consensus.

It is recommended not to pull excessively on the fetal head grade C , do not perform uterine expression grade C and do not realize inverse rotation of the fetal head professional consensus. McRoberts maneuver, with or without a suprapubic pressure, is simple to perform, effective and associated with low morbidity, thus, it is recommended in the first line grade C.

Regarding the maneuvers of the second line, the available data do not suggest the superiority of one maneuver in relation to another grade C. We proposed an algorithm; however, management should be adapted to the experience of the operator. If the posterior shoulder is engaged, Wood's maneuver should be performed preferentially; if the posterior shoulder is not engaged, delivery of the posterior arm should be performed preferentially professional consensus.

Routine episiotomy is not recommended in shoulder dystocia professional consensus. Other second intention maneuvers are described. It seems necessary to know at least two maneuvers to perform in case of shoulder dystocia unresolved by the maneuver McRoberts professional consensus. All physicians and midwives should know and perform obstetric maneuvers if needed quickly but without precipitation. Journal page Archives Contents list.

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