Sin embargo, los tiempos necesarios para que esto se produzca son muy largos. Aydil, U. Hyoid bone insertion tendinitis: clinicopathologic correlation. European Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology, 5 , — Babault, N. Does electrical stimulation enhance post-exercise performance recovery?
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Estimulación eléctrica transcutánea y neuromuscular
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This invaluable book for the electromyographer dispenses the latest techniques detailing methods of intramuscular electrode placement. The author examines the basic principles in electromyography EMG and includes updated information for the appendicular and axial muscles. It is divided into 14 sections organized by anatomical region: the muscles of the hand, forearm, arm, shoulder girdle, foot, leg, thigh, pelvis, hip joint, perineal region, paraspinal region, abdominal wall, the intercostals and diaphragm regions, along with the muscles innervated by cranial nerves. The book provides essential information for Colleges and Training Centres who offer physiotherapy, beauty therapy and sports science courses as it explains both the scientific principles and the practical applications of electrotherapy. This fourth edition is a dynamic presentation of the latest writings regarding the techniques for approaching selected muscles and continues to detail methods of intramuscular electrode placement for the hand, forearm, arm, shoulder girdle, foot, leg, thigh, pelvis, and hip joint. A brief description and diagram are presented for each muscle.
Electrical Stimulation for Pain
TENS is also considered experimental and investigational for any of the following not an all-inclusive list because there is inadequate scientific evidence to support its efficacy for these specific types of pain:. The trial period must be monitored by the physician to determine the effectiveness of the TENS unit in modulating the pain. The physician's records must document a reevaluation of the member at the end of the trial period, must indicate how often the member used the TENS unit, the typical duration of use each time, and the results. The physician ordering the TENS unit must be the attending physician or a consulting physician for the disease or condition resulting in the need for the TENS unit. Aetna considers a form-fitting conductive garment medically necessary DME only when it has been approved for marketing by the FDA, has been prescribed by a doctor for delivering TENS for one of the medically necessary indications listed above, and any of the following criteria is met:. Aetna considers stellate ganglion blockade using TENS experimental and investigational because its clinical value has not been established.