Thomas Hobbes — , whose current reputation rests largely on his political philosophy, was a thinker with wide-ranging interests. In philosophy, he defended a range of materialist, nominalist, and empiricist views against Cartesian and Aristotelian alternatives. In physics, his work was influential on Leibniz, and led him into disputes with Boyle and the experimentalists of the early Royal Society. In mathematics he was less successful, and is best remembered for his repeated unsuccessful attempts to square the circle. But despite that, Hobbes was a serious and prominent participant in the intellectual life of his time. Thomas Hobbes was born on 5 April
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Author: Hobbes, Thomas, Hobbs of Malmsbury. Hobbes, Thomas, Ridley, and are to be sold at the Castle in Fleetstreet Subject terms: Natural law. View entire text. To The Reader. Men by Nature Equall. Apt to provoke another by Comparisons. Apt to incroach one upon another. Right defined. Right to the End, implyeth right to the Means. Every Mans strength and knowledge for his owne Use. Every Man by nature hath right to all things.
Warr and Peace defined. Men by noture in the state of Warr. In Manifest Inequality, Might is Right. Reason dictateth Peace. The Law of Nature consisteth not in consent of men, but reason. The Will to transfer, and the will to accept, both necessary to the passing away of Right. Right not transferred by words, De futuro, onely. Words De futuro, together with other signes of the Will, may transferr Right. Free Gift defined 8. Contract, and the sorts of it.
Covenant defined. Contract of mutuall trust, is of no validity in the Estate of Hostility. No Covenant of men but with one another. Covenant extorted by feare, in the Law of nature, valid. An oath defined. Oath to be administred to every man in his own Religion. Oath addeth not to the Obligation. Covenants binde but to endeavour. That men stand to their Covenants. That Iniury is done onely to the Covenantee. The signification of those Names, Just, Uniust. It is a Law of Nature, that He that is trusted, turn not that trust to the Damage of Him that trusteth.
Ingratitude defined. And that man forgive upon caution for the future. And that revenge ought to respect the future onely. That reproach and contempt declared, is against the Law of Nature. That Indifference of Commerce is of the law of nature.
That Messengers imployed to procure or maintaine Peace, ought to be safe by the Law of Nature. Another, That men allow aequalia aequalibus. Another, that those things which cannot be divided, be used in common. Natural Lot, Primogeniture, and first possession.
That men submit to arbitration. That no man presse his counsel upon any man against his will. How to know suddenly what is the Law of Nature. That the Law of Nature taketh place after security from others to observe the same. Why the Dictates of Nature are called Lawes. Whatsoever is against Conscience in a man that is his owne Judge, is against the Law of Nature. Aptitude to society, fulfilleth the Law of Nature. A Confirmation out of holy Scripture of the principall points mentioned in the two last Chapters concerning the Law of Nature.
That men notwithstanding these Lawes, are still in the State of War, till they have security one against another. The Law of Nature in War, is nothing but Honour. No Security without the Concord of many. That Concord of many cannot be maintained without power to keep them all in awe. That Vnion is necessary for the maintaining of Concord. Body politick defined. Corporation defined. The Second part. Covenants of Government without Power of Coertion are no Security.
The same refelled. Mixt Formes of Government suposed in Soveraignty. That refelled. The Soveraign people covenanteth not with the Subiects. Aristocracy how made. The Body of the Optimates not properly said to iniure the Subiects.
The word People Equivocal. How such Releases are to be understood. Obedience discharged by Exile. By Conquest. By ignorance of the Right of Succession. Slave defined.
The Master hath right to alienate his Servant. How Servitude is discharged. The middle Lord. Over Beasts. The Father, or he or she that bringeth up the Child, have absolute power over Him. Freedome in Subiects what it is. A Great Family is a Patrimonial Kingdome. Though the Successor be not declared, yet there is alwayes One to be presumed. The Males before Females. The Eldest before the rest of the Brothers. The Brother next to the Children.
Monarchies less subiect to dissolution. A Difficulty concerning absolute subiection to man, arising from our absolute subiection to God Almighty, propounded. That this Difficulty is onely amongst those Christians, that deny the Interpretation of Scripture, to depend upon the Soveraign Authority of the Common-Wealth.
That Humane Lawes are not made to govern the consciences of men, but their words and aions. An explication of the Points of Faith, that be fundamntal. How faith and Justice cncurre to salvation. That all men do confess the necessity of submitting of controversies to some Humane Authority. The Questions propounded, who are the Magistrates in the Kingdome of Christ. Parallel of the Twelve Princes of Israel, and the twelve Apostles. Why Christ ordained not Priests for Sacrifices, as Moses did.
VIII 1. Partly in Ambition.
The Elements of Philosophy: De Corpore
As its full Latin title Elementorum philosophiae sectio prima De corpore implies, it was part of a larger work, conceived as a trilogy. De Cive had already appeared, while De Homine would be published in Hobbes had in fact been drafting De Corpore for at least ten years before its appearance, putting it aside for other matters. Although the chosen title would suggest a work of natural philosophy , De Corpore is largely devoted to foundational matters. It consists of four sections.
Oxford World's Classics. Thomas Hobbes was the first great philosopher to write in English. His account of the human condition, first developed in The Elements of Law , which comprises Human Nature and De Corpore Politico , is a direct product of the intellectual and political strife of the seventeenth century. In The Elements of Law Hobbes memorably sets out both the main lines of his general philosophy, later augmented in De Corpore , and the moral and political philosophy later made famous in Leviathan Copies of Human Nature and De Corpore Politico , until printed as separate works, are rare antiques or scarcely less rare scholarly texts; this is the first complete popular edition. These have never before been published together in English. Request an Inspection Copy.