In Stock. Johann W. Goethe said that the biggest secrets were the open ones. You look at them but you do not see them. The same is true with the electromagnetic field. It is known fact that after switching off an electromagnet, its magnetic energy will be returned back to the circuit, usually as a spark.
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Learn how to make new ultra efficient electric motors and generators! Johann W. Goethe said that the biggest secrets were the open ones. You look at them but you do not see them. The same is true with the electromagnetic field. It is known fact that after switching off an electromagnet, its magnetic energy will be returned back to the circuit, usually as a spark.
This work, minus heat losses inside the circuit, is free energy or over unity energy. The goal of this book is to unlock the secrets of over unity and to teach people what is over unity and how it works. The reader will learn how to make new ultra efficient electric motors and generators and how to improve existing patents which use permanent magnets. Jovan Marjanovic, B. The goal of this work is to point out some important facts in construction of over-unity electro motors and generators, where output energy of the machine is greater than the mechanical en ergy invested on the input side of the machine.
If some of the output energy of the generator is directed to the input side of the machine then perpetual motion can be achieved or perpetuum mobile. In this work the author will discuss:. Key words: Electro motor, generator, over-unity, clean energy, perpetuum mobile. In this work over-unity machines wit h the usage of magnetic fields only will be discussed. The above mentioned patent has been explained in a book by Dr.
Peter Lindemann [ 1 ]. The author has continued his research of this subject on the internet and has found some interesting machines patented many years ago, as well as some comments an d explanation of these machines by other people. The author has learned some things from these people, but also fond something lacking in their explanations and even non- understanding of some important facts of magnetism. In this work there will be minimum of mathematics in order that a wide range of people can easy understand what will be discussed in this work.
The author will also include and discuss several patented machines to show variations and development of the principles and also that these ideas are not empty imaginations, but ri ght principles with patented devices behind them. The common belief is that a magnet can not perform useful work by itself. Partially, this is true. If an iron ball is dropped near a magnet it will be attracted by some force to the magnet. The work is defined as product of force and the path passed in the same direction.
In picture 1 below, it is obvious that there is a force and path passed. However, once the ball r eaches the magnet it is the end of the story. To repeat the experiment it would be necessary to invest the same amount of work to put the ball back t he same distance from the magnet. Picture 1. However, if it would be possible to s witch off the magnetic force, or at least to diminish its strength, then t he ball could be put back with less work invested. The gain would be obvious.
In picture 2 below, is one invention of John Bedini. The device is using the repulsion force of magnets because the sa me poles of magnets in rotor and yoke.
In order to have some momentum on the rotor the yoke must be movable to create force with variab le intensity. The rotor can be pushed by pushing the yoke close to it and then re turning it back to allow next magnet to approach North pole of the magnet in the yoke.
Picture 2. It is not known to the author how much energy should be invested in moving the yoke and how much energy is gained in rotor rotation. The picture above is just a school example of causing the movement by unbalancing magnetic forces. Another way of causing unbalance is to use the vibration of an iron plate.
He f ound that an iron plate below the neutral line would behave as if it was part of magnet itself, just a little bit separated from the main part of t he magnet. If the iron plate was above the neutral line than the magnet would induced opposite magnet ic poles in it. When a thin piece of iron dwells on the neutral lin e it will not take magnetism into itself. By moving the plate up and down in osci llatory way magnetic poles of iron plate would change alternatively.
Gary claimed that with small input power his machine could generate significantly greater power on the output. Below is a picture of neut ral line for a horseshoe magnet. Picture 3. Gary had used the neutral line and made a machine he called a motor which is actually generator.
It had an iron plate with wire coil ed around it. The iron with coil was then separ ated from the horseshoe m agnet by paper. If the iron was vibrated around neutral line it wo uld change its polarit y and that change would induce alternated electromotive fo rce in the wire. The iron would oscillate continuously because change of its poles would alternatively attract and repulse it towards the magnet.
Canadian Patent , July 16, , Wesley W. Picture 4. He also used springs below the plate and the weight of the plate itself to control oscillations of the plate. The next way to cause unbalance of the magnetic force is to magnetize the iron core attracted to the magnet ju st enough to cancel attraction of the magnet towards the iron core. The idea is illustrated in pictures shown below. Picture 5. Picture 6. In picture 5 , a permanent magnet is attac hed with a firm grip to the non energized metal core of the electromagnet.
In picture 6 , there was applied just enough current to release t he magnetic grip and perm anent magnet falls away. The basic idea is to use minimal curr ent, just enough to create a small opposing magnetic field. Using a strong current to oppose a permanent magnet would be useful to do once, but if it was necessary to do it many times than pulsing current would behave similar to alternating curr ent and would create heat losses in the electromagnet due to hysteresis and whirling Eddy currents.
Robert Adams, from Ne w Zealand, designed and built an electric motor using this principle. He used permanent magnets on the rotor and electromagnets for the stator. The north poles of the rotor were attracted to the iron cores of the stator. It was driving force of the moto r. With special logic he pulsed the electromagnets just enough to st op the attraction, once the pole of the magnet came in the middle of the core of electromagnet. This way, the magnet would pass the core of the electromagnet by inertia.
Once the magnet was a safe distance from the electromagnet and closer to the next electromagnet which was turned off the current would be st opped and the magnet w ould continue to move, attracted by iron core of next electromagnet.
Picture 7. In order to have it he also used coils of elec tromagnets to pickup electricity generated by approaching magnets before turning on electromagnets to create opposing force. After turning off any electromagnet its m agnetic energy would be released back in the circuit, usually as a spark.
This is called Back Electrom otive Force. Adams also collected it and sent it to a battery for charging. W hen three steel balls in the vicinity are attracted to a permanent magnet and then as impact occu rs steel to steel, one or more of the steel balls will repel and one will remain attracted to the magnet.
Bill concluded that the balls ha d been repelled without inve sted energy and in that. Bill constructed a generator whic h included the logic of both Gary Wesley and Robert Adams yet was still uni que, see picture below.
Picture 8. His generator had an odd num ber of electromagnets and an even number of permanent magnets.
His magnets in the rotor were positioned off center in relation to the stator coils. His magnets we re positioned with al ternate polarity N, S, N, S. Below is a picture with a coil, two magnets and an iron plate as a magnetic shield. On the first setup, the iron plat e will stop any influe nce from the right magnet to the coil and the left magnet will induce a S outh magnetic pole in the coil close to it. The opposite North magnetic pole will automatically appear on the other side of the coil close to the shield.
On the second setup, the shield has been moved to the left and right magnet will induce a South magnet ic pole in the coil close to it. A North magnetic pole will be automatically induced on the opposite side, again closest to the shield.
Picture 9. The conclusion is that magnetic poles of the co il have been changed by moving the magnetic shield from the right to the left. This alternate change of the magnetic poles will induce an electric voltage in the coil.
So, here we have dynamic induction of electromotive force without moving either magnet or the coil. The next important thing to know is the behavior of the metal plate passing close to the magnet. The author found on t he internet, a pict ure shown below and the following description of the process:.
The velocity of the metal increases as it nears the magnet, and decreases as it leaves, but both in equal amounts. So from frame 1 to frame 3, no energy is lost. You can prove this to yourself by tyi ng a piece of metal to a string, taping a button magnet to a table, and letting the metal swing back and forth above the magnet.
Picture Unfortunately, the description above is not quite true. Between the two poles of an elec tromagnet a copper plate was hung and allowed to swing after being raised to some initial angle. Swinging was lengthy if no current was present in the electrom agnet but stopped fast if the current was turned on.
Jovan Marjanovic Basic Principles of Overunity Electro Machines
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