Easy-to-read, question-and-answer fact sheets covering a wide range of workplace health and safety topics, from hazards to diseases to ergonomics to workplace promotion. Download the free OSH Answers app. Search all fact sheets:. A crane operator should always move loads according to the established code of signals, and use a signaler.
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Easy-to-read, question-and-answer fact sheets covering a wide range of workplace health and safety topics, from hazards to diseases to ergonomics to workplace promotion.
Download the free OSH Answers app. Search all fact sheets:. A crane operator should always move loads according to the established code of signals, and use a signaler. Hand signals are preferred and commonly used. A signaler may be required by law if the operator's view of the intended path of travel is obstructed. Hoist: With forearm vertical, forefinger pointing up, move the hand in a small horizontal circle. Lower: With an arm extended downward, forefinger pointing down, move the hand in small horizontal circles.
Multiple Trolleys: Hold up one finger for block marked "1" and two fingers for a block marked "2. Bridge Travel: Arm extended forward, hand open and slightly raised, make a pushing motion in direction of travel.
Trolley Travel: Palm up, fingers closed, thumb pointing in direction of motion, jerk the hand horizontally. Dog Everything: Clasp hands in front of the body. This signal can be used on potentially risky occasions such as when it has started raining, when the load doesn't fit the space for which it was planned, or when a bystander gets too close to the action.
Raise the Boom and Lower the Load: Arm extended, fingers closed, thumb pointing upward, other arm bent slightly with forefinger pointing down and rotate hand in horizontal circles. Lower the Boom and Raise the Load: Arm extended, fingers closed, thumb pointing downward, other arm with forearm vertical, forefinger pointing upward and rotate the hand in horizontal circles. Move Slowly: Use one hand to give any motion signal and place the other hand motionless in front of the hand giving the motion signal.
Hoist Slowly shown as example. Retract Boom Telescoping Booms : Both fists in front of body with thumbs pointing toward each other. Extend Boom Telescoping Booms : Both fists in front of body with thumbs pointing outward.
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OSH Answers Fact Sheets Easy-to-read, question-and-answer fact sheets covering a wide range of workplace health and safety topics, from hazards to diseases to ergonomics to workplace promotion.
Search all fact sheets: Search. Type a word, a phrase, or ask a question. A person qualified to give crane signals to the operator. There should be only one designated signaler at a time. If signalers are changing between each other, the one in charge should wear a clearly visible badge of authority.
A crane operator should move loads only on signals from one signaler. A crane operator must obey STOP signals no matter who gives it. The signaler must: Be in clear view of the crane operator. Have a clear view of the load and the equipment. Keep persons outside the crane's operating area. Never direct a load over a person. Multiple Trolleys. Bridge Travel. Trolley Travel. Emergency Stop. Magnet is Disconnected! Dog Everything. Use Main Hoist: Tap fists on head; then use regular signals.
Use Main Hoist. Use Whip Line. Raise Boom; Lower Boom; Swing. Raise the Boom and Lower the Load. Lower the Boom and Raise the Load. Move Slowly. Retract Boom. Extend Boom. Lock Track: this side as indicated by raised fist. Turn Travel Track: this side in direction shown by revolving fist. Lock Track Turn Travel Track. Travel Both Tracks. Document last updated on September 5, Document confirmed current on August 15,
Vehicle Banksman | An Essential Site Skills Guide
The voluntary code of practice seeks to prescribe a set of universally accepted hand signals, specifically designed to train and educate operators and banksmen throughout industry when using excavators as cranes to handle objects. A purpose-designed lifting point fitted to the excavator is used to allow a freely suspended load to be lifted, moved and positioned. Whilst an excavator should not automatically be the first option considered for a lifting operation, its widespread application for smaller, non-precision and repetitive lifting tasks must be recognised and as such the lifting operation must comply with, and undergo, a thorough examination as required by the Lifting Operations and Lifting Equipment Regulations LOLER, Some of these are due to incorporation of the lifting process itself, such as failure of the lifting equipment or unplanned detachment of part or all of the load being lifted. Others arise from the fact that excavators are designed primarily as a digging machine, not lifting, so they move differently and more quickly, particularly when turning and slewing; this increases risks such as instability or contact with objects or persons.
Slinger Signaller Hand Signals
Quite simply, the Vehicle Banksman is entrusted and trained to supervise, control and direct all vehicle movement on site, in particular the action of reversing to prevent unwanted collisions or accidents. Whilst training courses are open to everybody, the selection of those likely to undergo training must have sound and clear communication skills, excellent situational awareness, self-confidence and the ability to use a range of complex signals, to name just a few. Our course is delivered by qualified and experienced trainers and assessed via various practical scenarios culminating with a multiple-choice question paper. Essential Site Skills provide in-company training at the convenience of your own site - this saves you time, money and minimises disruption to your busy construction schedules.
Hand signals for when excavators are used as cranes: new code of practice
In charge of directing large vehicle onto and around site, the banksman or traffic marshal has an important job on construction sites. They help to guide the drivers of large vehicles while making manoeuvres on site, ensuring they are made safely without putting the site operatives or driver in risk of danger. According to the HSE, nearly 1 in 4 deaths involving a vehicle at work occurs while the vehicle is reversing, showing the clear need for able banksmen in any work area. In addition to deaths and injuries, significant damage can be done to both vehicles and other equipment in an uncontrolled work environment. The banksman communicates with the driver by using designated hand signals, which clearly indicate to the driver and alert them of any risks. Our banksman signal poster demonstrates these hand signals in pictures so that all site operatives are aware of and able to follow them clearly. Read More.