Name of Lecturer s Yrd. The social, cultural and religious environment that the Prophet Muhammed finds ready. Mecca period before Islam In the pre-Islamic period Mecca. Prophet Muhammed's birth and childhood. The Prophet Muhammed's position in social life. The first revelation and the first muslims.
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In fact there are many experiences our Prophet lived through in this respect. The Treaty of Hudaybiya has become the most prominent one. It has a many lessons which interest individuals, societies and states.
After the Battle of the Trench, the process that resulted in the Treaty of Hudaybiya had already begun. It had been more than six years since the Hijrah, and the homesickness of the muhajir Makkan Muslims had greatly increased. Moreover, turning to the direction of the Kaaba in Makka during the five daily prayers every day was refreshing their memories of their homeland.
Our Prophet had also missed this blessed city where he was born and with that longing he had a dream that contained glad tidings.
You will shave your heads and shorten your hairs. You will surely enter al-Masjid al-Haram, if Allah wills, in safety, with your heads shaved and [hair] shortened, not fearing [anyone]. After the preparations about five hundred people set off toward Mecca.
In order to show that they did not come to fight they took along seventy animals to slaughter. After the difficult journey they arrived at Hudaybiya. Our Prophet first sent Hirash ra as a messenger to Makka. He informed the Makkan polytheists that their intention was to circumambulate the Kaaba, slaughter the animals and return back.
This situation took a long time and caused the spread of the news that Uthman ra was killed. Preparation for war started. Seeing the seriousness of the matter the polytheists released Uthman ra. Realizing the determination of the Muslims the polytheists of Makka sent a delegation whose leader was Suhayl ibn Amr 13, to make an agreement. They came to an agreement.
Ali ra was the scribe. How can a Muslim who comes to Muslims be declined? Will you accept this article too? With regard to those who will come from them to us and whom we will return, Allah knows them and will create a relief and a way out for them. His father dragged him away to the polytheists. Am I to be returned to the idol-worshippers when I have come to you as a Muslim? Do you not see what I have suffered? O Rasulullah! O Muslims! Do you return me to let them torture me and convert me from my religion?
Muslims were watching him and listening to his cries in tears. Be patient some more time. Allah will soon save you and the Muslims imprisoned in Makka from this disaster. We cannot break our promise. Breaking our promise does not befit us. Why do we give Abu Jandal to the polytheists? Why do we accept this abasement? We do not have the notion of breaking promises in our religion. After the agreement, the delegation of polytheists took the road to Makka.
Muslims, however, felt sad because of not being able to visit Baytullah the House of Allah. However, neither our sacrifice of camels nor have we reached Baytullah. When you look at the course of events and articles of the Treaty of Hudaibiya, it is possible to say that it was disadvantageous for Muslims. The objections of some companions show this.
However, it would be soon understood that this agreement approved by our Prophet was a spiritual conquest. It would prove how our Prophet was farsighted. This conquest would also be the key to other conquests. This is because the number of people who became Muslims within less than two years after the agreement was much more than the number of those who became Muslims before the treaty. This is an important indicator. This situation shows us that the result of keeping the promise was good.
The oppression and bigotry were gone in the environment of peace. The doors of the victory of Khaybar, Makka, and Hunayn were opened with this new spirit and fresh power. Four years after the treaty, the entire Arabian Peninsula gathered under the roof of Islam. Keeping the promise resulted in Allah giving victory to the Muslims.
There will be no battle for ten years. There will be neither theft nor treason between each other. This year the Muslims will not visit the Kaaba and will return back to Medina. From the following year on, the Muslims will stay in Makka and visit Kaba for three days. Commercial circulation would be free. However, if someone among the Muslims took refuge in Makka, he would not be returned back.
One who eats halal does not become rebellious. Cure to the believers. Kufic script. The origin of the Islamic style of writing goes back to the Nabati script of Aramaic Issue Eat together and do not eat separately, for the blessing is in being together.
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