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The journal content is indexed in CrossCheck , the CrossRef initiative to prevent scholarly and professional plagiarism. Proper understanding of the origins of acataleptic perceptions Epictetus and imaginations Spinoza together with their interactions enable mind to get free from passive states and to reach happiness. In Ethics imagination can be found wherever images are formed — in eyes, that is in body, whereas in mind an occurrence parallel to affection of optic nerves is a perception, or comprehending an idea.
Spinoza B. Studies in the History of Philosophy. Language Deutsch English Polish. Keywords Descartes God Hobbes Hume Immanuel Kant John Locke Kant Leibniz Spinoza aesthetics consciousness ethics existentialism freedom history of philosophy imagination metaphysics morality phenomenology reason religion. Subject Classification imagination; fancy; perception; affection; Stoicism; Spinoza; Ethics; passive state; words; notions; reason; understanding.
Article Tools Print this article. Indexing metadata. How to cite item. Finding References. Review policy. Email the author Login required. Keywords imagination; fancy; perception; affection; Stoicism; Spinoza; Ethics; passive state; words; notions; reason; understanding. Siwek, Warszawa Boscherini Giancotti E. Christensen J. Bardel, Warszawa Epiktet, Diatryby. Joachimowicz, Warszawa Ripa C. Remember me.
When analyzing the structure of the soul, Aristotle distinguished three faculties: the theoretical, the practical and the technical one. The latter two are the focus of this paper. The division could be perceived as an abstract description of diverse functions and purposes of the faculties, but it does not imply factual dissociation between them if we take under consideration their functioning. On the contrary, Aristotle suggested that it would be impossible to detach the practical reasoning from the operational one, for the former stipulated the goal, whereas the latter provided the means for its fulfillment. Cleverness has usually been associated with the technical faculty but it also seems to be, first and foremost, the disposition to inventiveness in a broader sense. Although Aristotle did not formulate this directly, it is plausible to view the practical and technical faculty as depending on each other, as far as their products and works are useful to pursue the practical goals and the practical reasoning determines the extent of the possibilities and limitations of their utility in the field of politics. The disposition to cleverness made the cooperation of those faculties possible.
O duszy: Arystoteles, Tomasz z Akwinu
The Practical-Technical Reason in the Aristotelian Concept of the Faculties of the Soul